Baba Baidyanath Dham, History, Legends And Sacred Journeys Of The Jyotirlinga

baidyanath dham

Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple also known as Baba Baidyanath Dham is considered as one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. It is a highly auspicious pilgrimage center among the Hindus and draws devotees from all over the country every year.

Keep scrolling to know more about Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple and its history.



Baidyanath Dham is located in Deoghar in the Santhal Paraganas division of Jharkhand. Deoghar is a Hindi word which literally means ‘Home of Gods’ where ‘Deo’ means ‘God’ and ‘Ghar’ means ‘Home’.

Located at a distance of 248 KM from the capital city of Ranchi and 325 KM from the nearest metro city Kolkata in West Bengal, Baidyanath Jyotirlinga is an important religious tourism destination in Jharkhand.

Why Baba Baidyanath Temple Is Famous?

The place has a remarkable history attached and therefore finds mention in several ancient scriptures as well as in the modern-day saga. Apart from being one of the 12 Jyotirlinga, it is also considered as one of the holy 108 Shakti Peethas in the Hindu mythology.


A Jyotirlinga or Jyotirlingam is a spiritual representation of Lord Shiva and it is believed that a Jyotirlinga is established in every place where Lord Shiva made an appearance on Earth.

Baidyanath Dham Shivalinga
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However, originally it was believed to have 64 Jyotirlingas but only 12 of them are considered highly auspicious. Each of the 12 Jyotirlingas symbolizes a different manifestation of Lord Shiva.

The History of Baba Baidyanath

The story of Baidyanath temple takes us back to the Treta Yuga. According to the popular Hindu belief, Ravana the King of Lanka was a great devotee of Lord Shiva. Once he felt that his capital would be incomplete and under the constant threat of enemies unless Lord Shiva decides to stay there forever. So, he went to the Himalayas to impress the Lord and started offering his heads one after another.

When he was about to cut off his 10th head, Lord Shiva descended on Earth impressed by his devotee. He then cured the wounded Ravana and granted him a boon.

Ravana requested Lord Shiva to allow him to take the Shivalinga back to Lanka with him to which the Lord agreed but on one condition. Lord Shiva warned Ravana that he cannot keep the Shivalinga on the ground until he reaches Lanka and if he does so it will get fixed to the ground and he will never be able to uproot it. Ravana agreed to the condition and began his journey.

All the other God and Goddess were not happy with the decision because they knew, if Shiva went to Lanka with Ravana, then he would become invincible and his evil deeds would threaten the world. They met Lord Vishnu and asked him to stop Ravana, the demon king from taking the Shivalinga to Lanka.

Lord Vishnu asked Lord Varun, the Ocean God to enter the stomach of Ravana at the time he performs Aachamanam during the Sandhya Vandana, the evening prayer. Aachamanam is a process of purifying by sipping drops of water while reciting the 21 names of Vishnu.

When Ravana reached Deoghar, it was almost evening so he decided to perform his evening prayers. As asked, Lord Varun entered his stomach during the Aachamanam and Ravana felt an urgent need to release himself. He gave the Shivalinga to a milkman and asked him to take care of the lingam until he comes back.

To utter surprise, the more Ravana released himself, the more he felt the urge. He took a long time to come back and the impatient milkman kept the shiva linga on the ground and went away.

When Ravana finally returned he saw that the Shivalinga was fixed on the ground. He tried a lot to uproot it but failed miserably. Ravana damaged the Shivalinga in the process. He understood that the milkman was Lord Vishnu who pranked him and left the place in anger. Later, God and Goddess came down from heaven and established the Shivalinga.

Baidyanath Dham Temple
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The temple complex has a pond which is considered the place where Ravana released himself. It is said that as Lord Shiva cured Ravana and acted as a doctor, he is referred to as ‘Vaidhya’, a Sanskrit word meaning ‘physician’ and that’s how the temple derives its name.

Also, as Shiva granted the wish to Ravana, therefore the Shiva linga is called ‘Kamana Linga’ as Kamana means ‘Desire’.

Shakti Peetha

Baidyanath Dham is the only place in India which is both a Jyotirlinga and a Shakti Peetha. It is believed that the heart of Sati fell at Baidyanath Dham when Lord Vishnu used the Sudarshana Chakra, to cut Sati’s corpse in order to stop Shiva’s destruction.

The temple of Lord Parvati is located adjacent to the main temple of Lord Shiva, tied up with red threads to show the unity between them.

Structure Of The Temple

baidyanath dham

The temple is divided into three parts, the entrance, the middle part, and the main temple. The 72 feet high temple faces the east and resembles a lotus. On top of the temple are three gold vessels that were donated by the Maharaja of Gidhaur, Raja Puran Singh. Other than the vessels is a ‘Punchsula’, which is five knives in a Trident shape, and an eight-petalled lotus jewel, known as Chandrakanta Mani.

Baba Baidyanath Dham Shivalinga
Baba Baidyanath Dham Shivalinga
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The Shivalingam is approx 5 inches in diameter, 4 inches in height, and is broken at the top. The temple complex has a total of 21 temples other than the main Shiva temple, dedicated to Maa Parvathi, Maa Kali, Maa Jagat Janani, Kal Bhairav, and Lakshminarayan.

Who Built Baidyanath Temple And When?

It is believed that the Baidyanath temple was constructed by Lord Vishwakarma, the divine architect. Certain parts of the front portion of the temple are said to have been built by Puran Mal, an ancestor of the Maharaja of Giddhour, in 1596. However, the name of the builder of the temple is not known.

Shravani Mela and Kanwar Yatra

Shravani Mela
Shravani Mela
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Shravani Mela is a month-long religious fair that is organized in the holy month of Shravan i.e between July and August. Millions of pilgrims from all over the country visit Baba Baidyanath Dham every year to offer holy water of Ganges to the deity collected from Sultanganj, located in Bhagalpur district of Bihar, almost 108 km from Deoghar.

Kanwar Yatra
Kanwar Yatra
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The devotees known as Kanwarias, carry the holy water from Sultanganj to Baidyanath Dham by covering 108 KM barefoot without stopping for even once. The journey is known as Kanwar Yatra. The pilgrims chant the mantra of ‘Bol Bam’ in the entire journey and are dressed in saffron clothes.

Timings Of Baba Baidyanath Temple

The temple door opens at 4:00 AM and remains open till 3:30 PM. After which the doors are closed. In the evening the door is again opened for the devotees at 6:00 PM and closes at 9:00 PM. However, during any special occasion, the temple remains open beyond the closing hours.

Nearest Railway Station To Badiyanath Temple

Jasidih Junction (Station Code: JSME), located at a distance of 8 KM is the nearest railway station to Baidyanath Dham.

Nearest Airport To Badiyanath Temple

The nearest airport to Baba Baidyanath Dham is Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi located at a distance of 253 KM.

The nearest International Airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra International Airport, Kolkata located at a distance of 324 KM.

How To Reach Baidyanath Temple By Train?

Board a train to Jasidih Junction (Station Code: JSME), the nearest railway Junction to Baidyanath Temple, Jasidih is well connected by trains with all the major cities of India. Check out the list of trains from New Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata to Jasidih.

List Of Trains From Different Destinations To Jasidih

Train NoTrain NameFromToDepartureArrivalDaysDuration
13008 Udyan Abha Toofan Express NDLSJSME07:1012:35All Days29h 25m
22466 Baba Baidyanath Dham Deoghar SF Express ANVTJSME12:4505:06W16h 21 m
22460 Baba Baidyanath Dham Deoghar Humsafar Express ANVTJSME12:4505:06M16h 21m
12306 New Delhi – Howrah Rajdhani Express (Via Patna) NDLSJSME16:5508:10F15h 15m
12274 New Delhi – Howrah Duronto Express NDLSJSME12:5505:06Tu, Sa16h 11m
12236 Anand Vihar Terminal – Madhupur Humsafar Express ANVTJSME16:5510:07Th17h 12m
12304 Poorva Express (Via Patna) (PT) NDLSJSME17:3511:44Sa, W, Th, Su18h 9m
12362 Mumbai CSMT – Asansol SF Express CSMTJSME11:0521:11W34h 6m
13123 Sealdah – Sitamarhi Express SDAHJSME06:0013:37All Days 7h 37m
11105 Pratham Swatantrata Sangram ExpressKOAAJSME07:2513:11Su5h 46m
12273 Howrah – New Delhi Duronto ExpressHWHJSME08:3512:25M,F3h 50m
12317 Akal Takht Express (PT) KOAAJSME07:4012:10Su, W4h 30m
Gurumukhi SF Express (PT)
KOAAJSME07:4012:10Th4h 30m
12303 Poorva Express (Via Patna) (PT) HWHJSME08:0012:08M, Tu, F, Sa4h 8m
13007 Udyan Abha Toofan Express (PT) HWHJSME09:3515:37All Days6h 2m
15233 Maithili Express KOAAJSME10:4016:01M, Th5h 21m

Howrah – Muzaffarpur JanSadharan Express (UnReserved) HWHJSME11:0515:58W4h 53m
15235 Howrah – Darbhanga Weekly Express

HWHJSME11:0515:58Sa4h 53m

How To Reach Baidyanath Temple From Jasidih Junction?

After reaching Jasidih take a DMU train up to Baidyanath Railway Station (Station Code: BDME) or one can also book a cab or auto to the temple from Jasidih. Buses are available too.

The distance of Baba Badiyanath Temple from Jasidih is 8KM which can be easily covered in half an hour.

How To Reach Baidyanath Temple By Air?

Book a flight to Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi or Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata. Then board a train or book a cab to cover the rest of the journey. Bus services are available from Ranchi to Deoghar but not from Kolkata.

Where To Stay While Visiting Baidyanath Temple?

Uma Bhawan is located within the complex of the temple which has rooms as well as dormitories equipped with all facilities. The booking can be done by contacting Baba Mandir Office.
Baba Mandir Office, Deoghar – Phone No. 06432-232295

Most of the hotels are in Tower Chowk Road in Deoghar, located within 1 KM from the main temple.

Other Places To Visit In Deoghar

  • Nandan Pahar
  • Tapovan Caves and Hills
  • Naulakha Temple
  • Basukinath Temple
  • Satsang Ashram

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Monalisa Bose Roy

A travel blogger cum financial expert with a vision to encourage tourism in Eastern India. Bose was born and brought up in the steel city of Jamshedpur, located in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Being born in the Eastern region, Bose has visited a lot of lesser-known places in the region. By her writing, she tries to spread awareness about those undiscovered gems of Eastern India.

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