Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary located in Jharkhand is known as the home to a large number of Wild Indian Elephants. Running along the NH 33, the sanctuary is a topmost tourist destination in Jharkhand. The state is well known for its wilderness and nothing can be better than visiting Dalma for amazing wildlife tourism.
Table of Contents
- Where is the Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary located?
- What is Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?
- The forest of Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary falls under which category?
- When was Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary established?
- Who inaugurated Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- Which body operates and manages Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- What is the area covered by Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- What is the height of Dalma hills?
- Flora and Fauna found in Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Things to do in Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Places to see in Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
- The dark side of Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Weather at Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Best time to visit Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
- What is the ticket price at Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- What is the timing of the Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- Which is the nearest city from Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- Which is the nearest railway station from the Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- Which is the nearest airport from Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- How to reach Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary from Kolkata?
- Is Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary safe for tourists?
- Where to stay while visiting Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- Places to visit near Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
Where is Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary located?
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand. East Singbhum is almost 50% covered by dense forest and hills and is a shelter to many wild animals. The wildlife sanctuary is located in the Dalma hills range.
What is Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?
Dalma is the kingdom of Wild Indian Elephants. The Indian Elephant is a subspecies of the Asian Elephants. The sight of elephants is not uncommon among the nearby villages. During the months of monsoon and winter, giant elephants often escape from the sanctuary and enter the nearby villages.
There are many small villages at the foothill of the Dalma range which quiet often becomes the victim of elephant rampage. But surprisingly, Lawjora, a small village, is spared by the elephants. It is said that to date there has been no report registered of elephant rampage in this particular village. Know more about Lawjora and its mystery.
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is the first Sanctuary in India which offered foot safari. The tourist can roam around the sanctuary on foot and can experience wild nature under the guidance of forest guides.
The forest of Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary falls under which category?
The forest of Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary falls under the category of “Dry peninsular Sal” and “Northern Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest”.
When was Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary established?
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary was established on 19th Dec 1976.
Who inaugurated Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
Sanjay Gandhi, the former Indian Politician of Indian National Congress, inaugurated Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
Which body operates and manages Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is managed and operated by the Department of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of Jharkhand.
What is the area covered by Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 195 sq km, running parallel to NH 33 (towards Ranchi from Jamshedpur).
What is the height of Dalma hills?
The height of the Dalma hills is 915 ft.
Flora and Fauna found in Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
The Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary has a variety of mammals, 84 species of birds and 300 species of flora. Listing a few of the flora and fauna found in Dalma.
- Animals: Indian Elephant, Giant Squirrel, Sloth Bear, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Porcupine, Mouse Deer, Pangolin and Mongooses, etc.
- Birds: Falcons, Golden Oriole, Indian Treepie, Paradise Flycatchers, Grey Hornbills, Indian Peafowl, different varieties of Kingfishers, Herons, Egrets, Pigeons, Racket-tailed Drongo, Magpie Robins, Red-whiskered Bulbul, White-browed Bulbul, Red-vented Bulbul, Brahminy Myna, Common Myna, Asian Koel, etc.
- Trees: Mango, Guava, Lemon, Mahuwa, Jamun, Sheesham, Neem, Baabul, Bamboo, Arjuna, Karanj, Kanail, Kadam, Timber, Sal and many more.
Things to do in Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
- Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary Safari – Explore the Sanctuary on foot
- Hide in the Hideouts
- Stay In Bamboo Huts
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary Safari – Explore the Sanctuary on foot
As stated above, Dalma was the first Indian Sanctuary to start on a foot safari. So, if you are visiting Dalma, this is the very first thing you need to experience. Forest guides are available, who will make it safe and adventurous. Safari only takes place during the morning hours, so you need to plan our journey accordingly.
- Dalma Wildlife Safari timings: All days, only in morning hours.
- Dalma Wildlife Safari tickets: INR 100.
Hide in the Hideouts
The safari has many small hideouts, where you can hide and watch wildlife but under the observation of the forest guides.
Dalma is an amazing place for trekking. The hills are just perfect to experience trekking but under the guidance of forest guides. Dalma has many wild Elephants which are really violent in nature and therefore, going around the sanctuary without a guide is a very risky affair.
Stay In Bamboo Huts
Bamboo huts are available in Makulakocha Village, near the forest check post. It is an altogether different experience to stay in the laps of the hills. The mud house doesn’t have any facility for food. You need to hire the villagers or the caretaker of the huts to cook food. You have to provide only the cooking ingredients and not any utensils. They charge a very minimal amount such as INR 500 for cooking the three-time meal. The best part is they prepare food on wood and coal which is very delicious than regular foods cooked on gas or microwave.
- The tariff of Bamboo huts is INR 1100.
Places to see in Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
- Dalma Mai Temple
- Lord Shiva Temple
- Lord Hanuman Temple
- The ruins
- The Valleys
- Natural Interpretation Center and Museum
- Deer Enclosure
- Elephant Rescue Center
Dalma Mai Temple
Dalma hills get its name from Goddess Dalma, a deity worshipped by the local villagers. ‘Mai’ in Hindi means ‘Mother’. The temple of the goddess lies inside the sanctuary in the laps of the forest.
Lord Shiva Temple
Lord Shiva Temple is located at the top of the hill. The temple has significant importance among the local villagers and the people of Jamshedpur. Each year on the Hindu auspicious day of Maha Shivaratri, thousands of devotees pay homage to the temple.
Lord Hanuman Temple
Lord Hanuman Temple, also located on the top of the hills is another temple in the sanctuary. The temple is dedicated to Lord Hanuman, a devotee of Lord Rama.
Dalma was a major hub for the Indigo and Mustard plantation and also for Gold mining during the British era. British constructed a bungalow called the Kulmari Bangla which they used to stay in while visiting for official purposes. The Britishers named the Mustard Plantation as Sarsobari and the Indigo Plantation as Nilbadi. Other constructions they carried out in the area for Mustard and Indigo plantations are 6 dams for irrigation, which are named as
- Badka Bandh (Big Dam)
- Chhotka Bandh (Small Dam)
- Neechla Bandh (Lower Dam)
- Majhla Bandh (Middle Dam)
The Gold Mystery of Subarnarekha River
River Subarnarekha or Swarnarekha which flows through the foot of the Dalma Hills carries small pieces of gold along with it. The name Subarnarekha means ‘streak or line of Gold’. The reason behind the availability of gold in the water is still a mystery but some believe that gold was mined near a village named Piska at Ranchi district which is the origin of the river. So, while the river passes through the gold mine, it carries a few amounts of gold with it. The Geologists believe that the gold particles get mixed in the river water while it flows throw many rocks and stones but still has not been proved.
Even today finding gold particles from the river is the only source of family income for many tribal families in the villages of Tamar and Saranda. They spend swimming across the river the entire day to find gold particles and later sell the particles to the local goldsmith. After spending an entire day, an individual collects only one or two particles of gold. In a month an individual can find not more than 70 to 80 particles for which they earn only 6 to 8 thousand rupees.
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary has a network of 6 valleys namely Bijli Ghati, Snan Ghati, etc. Ghati is the Hindi name for Valley. Bijli and Snan Ghati have two waterfalls originating named as Bijli Ghati Waterfall and Snan Ghati Waterfall. The valleys have many water reservoirs and streams which give birth to 66 water holes namely, Samar Jal, Dong Jal, Makad Jal, Ranga Jal, Maha Jal, Teesri Nala, Chiping Dadhi, Bhusi Jharna, Kas Jobhi, Hathitopa, Chiyak Pathar, etc. The water holes are the spot where you can actually see some wild animals as they go there to drink water.
Natural Interpretation Center and Museum
Natural Interpretation Center and Museum, located at Makulakocha village, near the sanctuary entrance, is where you can find all the information about the flora and fauna found in the sanctuary. The center also conducts research related to vegetation and different species found in the sanctuary.
It is one of the major attractions of Dalma. The sanctuary has Barking deers, Mouse deers, and so many other kinds. It is one in a lifetime experience with deers walking and running along with you. Dalma also conducts deer breeding programs.
Elephant Rescue Center
The Elephants rescued from different parts of the state and the country is brought and treated here. The center is one of its kind in the entire state of Jharkhand.
The dark side of Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary has been the victim of Timber Mafia and Naxalite for quite a long time. It has been through a lot of exploitation by Mafias and Naxalites and also by the Britishers.
Weather at Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary has a tropical climate. The Summer range from the month of March to June and the temperature varies between 35 to 40-degree centigrades. The month of April and May are the hottest. The sanctuary receives moderate rainfall during the rainy months of July to August. The winter stretches between the month of November to February with the temperature falling between 10-degree centigrade to 15-degree centigrade. The month of December and January are the coldest.
Best time to visit Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
The best time to visit the sanctuary is between the months of October to March. The temperature is cool and pleasant which makes it easy to roam around the forest on foot.
What is the ticket price at Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
- Entry fee for Adults: INR 5
- Entry fee for School Children: INR 2
- Entry fee for disabled: NIL
- Charges for Foot Safari: INR 100
- Entry fee for buses and trucks: INR 350
- Entry fee for mini-bus and matador: INR 250
- Entry fee for car and jeep: INR 150
- Camera charges: INR 80
- Videography charges: INR 500
What is the timing of the Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
The timing for Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary for both summer and winter is 7 AM to 5 PM. After 5 PM, only the tourists having a permit to stay overnight are allowed.
Which is the nearest city from Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
The nearest city from Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is the steel city, Jamshedpur.
Which is the nearest railway station from the Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
The nearest railway station from Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is Chandil (Station Code: CNI), serving the town of Chandil Junction. Chandil railway station is located at a distance of 21.7 km via Lupungdih – Chelema Rd.
Another major railway station near Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is Tatanagar Junction (Station Code: TATA), serving the city of Jamshedpur. The distance from Tatanagar Junction to Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is 46.1 km via Adityapur – Kandra Hwy.
Which is the nearest airport from Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi is the nearest airport located at a distance of 124.6 km via NH43.
How to reach Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary from Kolkata?
Board a train from Howrah Junction to Chandil Junction or Tatanagar Junction. The minimum journey time is three and a half four hours by train. After getting down at Chandil or Tatanagar, book a cab to Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
The distance between Chandil Junction and Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is
- 21.7 km via Lupungdih – Chelema Rd.
- 25.7 km via NH18.
The distance from Tatanagar Junction to Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is
- 46.1 km via Adityapur – Kandra Hwy.
- 45.0 km via NH18.
You can self-drive from Kolkata to Dalma or can book a rental cab.
The distance between Kolkata to Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
- 341.1 km via NH19.
- 305.2 km via NH16 and NH18.
- 370.9 km via SH 5.
Take a flight from Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata to Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi. It takes approx one to one and a half hours to reach Ranchi by air. After reaching take a cab from the airport to Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
The distance between Birsa Munda Airport and Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is
- 124.6 km via NH43.
- 148.0 km via Ranchi – Purulia Rd.
Or after getting down at Birsa Munda Airport, take a cab to Ranchi Government Bus Stand and board a bus to Jamshedpur. The time taken to reach Jamshedpur from Ranchi via bus is three hours to three and a half hours. Both AC and Non-AC buses are available. You can book the bus online through different ticket booking platforms such as Redbus, Via. etc or can directly buy a ticket from the bus stand ticket counter. The bus connectivity between Ranchi and Jamshedpur is good so need not worry about the availability of tickets. The bus will drop you at the Mango bus stand which is the main bus stand of Jamshedpur. From Mango bus stand book a cab to Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary. The distance from Mango bus stand to Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is
- 32.0 km via NH18
- 56.9 km via NH118
Is Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary safe for tourists?
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is very much safe for the tourist and also for female tourists. It was a Naxalite area earlier but now is free from any danger. But it will be advised to female tourists to go in a group.
Where to stay while visiting Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary?
While traveling to Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary one has many options for staying such as
- Pindrabera Forest Rest House – One needs a permit to stay in the Pindara forest rest house. Permits can be obtained from Range Forest Office, Mango, Jamshedpur or Divisional Forest Office, Doranda, Ranchi. The charges for the two-room guest house is INR 600 per day. Food facility is not available in the guesthouse, so one needs to hire the guesthouse caretaker to cook food and also needs to carry all the cooking ingredients. No need to carry utensils.
- Bamboo Huts – Bamboo huts are available in Makulakocha Village, near the forest check post. Read More.
- Resorts at NH 33 – NH 33 has many luxuries resorts, located at the foothills of Dalma one after another.
- Hotels and Lodges in Jamshedpur – The city of Jamshedpur have both luxurious hotels and budget lodges.
Places to visit near Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
- Dimna Lake and Dam
- Chandil Dam
- Burudi Dam
- Chota Banki Dam
- Jubilee Park, Tata Zoological Park, Nicco Jubilee Park
- Sir Dorabji Tata Park
- Golpahari Temple
- Bhuvaneshwari Temple,
- Hathi Kheda Temple