Amazing Facts about Jharkhand

Facts about Jharkhand

Are you looking for Facts about Jharkhand? Here’s a list of 41 Interesting Jharkhand facts that you probably didn’t know.

Jharkhand, also known as ‘Bushland’ or ‘the land of the forest’ lies in the lap of nature. The state is distinguished for its waterfalls, hills, forests and holy places. Apart from the eye-catching natural beauty, Jharkhand has many other amazing facts that are not known to many. Here, we bring you some interesting facts about Jharkhand.

Table of Contents

When was Jharkhand formed?

Jharkhand was separated from Bihar and was formed on 15 November 2000.

What is the rank of Jharkhand in terms of area?

Jharkhand is the 16th largest state of India in terms of area.

What is the rank of Jharkhand in terms of Population?

Jharkhand is the 14th largest state of India in terms of population.

What is the meaning of Jharkhand?

The word ‘Jhar’ means ‘bush’ and ‘Khand’ means ‘land’ in the Indo-Aryan language. Thus ‘Jharkhand’ means ‘land of bush or forest’.

What is the area covered by Jharkhand?

The state of Jharkhand stretches over an area of 79,710 sq km (30,778 sq mi). 

How much area is under forest in the state of Jharkhand?

One-third of the total area of the state of Jharkhand is covered under forest. 

Places to see in Kiriburu, Meghataburu, Saranda Forest Travel Guide - Tripinfi
Jharkhand Forest

Which city is the capital of Jharkhand?

Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand.

Which city is the sub-capital of Jharkhand?

Dumka is the sub-capital of Jharkhand.

Which city is the Industrial Capital of Jharkhand?

Jamshedpur is the Industrial Capital of Jharkhand.

Which is the largest city of Jharkhand?

Jamshedpur is the largest city of Jharkhand.

Sir Dorabji Tata Park, Jamshedpur
Sir Dorabji Tata Park, Jamshedpur

Most part of the state of Jharkhand lies in which Plateau?

Most part of the state of Jharkhand lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau.

Jharkhand contributes to how much of the mineral resources in India?

Jharkhand accounts for more than 40% of the mineral resources of India.

What are the mineral resources found in Jharkhand?

Some of the minerals found in the state are Iron Ore, Uranium (Jaduguda Mines), Coal, Copper Ore, Mica, Bauxite, Manganese, Limestone, China Clay, Fire Clay, Graphite, Kainite, Chromite, Asbestos, Thorium, Sillimanite, and even Gold (Rakha Mines) and Silver.

With which states, Jharkhand shares its border?

The state of Jharkhand shares its border with 5 states, Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east.

What is the state animal of Jharkhand?

The state animal of Jharkhand is Elephant.

What is the state bird of Jharkhand?

The state bird of Jharkhand is Asian Koel.

What is the state flower of Jharkhand?

The state flower of Jharkhand is Palash.

What is the state tree of Jharkhand?

The state tree of Jharkhand is Sal.

Which Uranium Mine of Jharkhand is the first Uranium mine of India?

Jaduguda Uranium Mine located at Jadugora, Jharkhand is the first Uranium Mine of India which started its operations in 1967 and the deposits at this mine were discovered in 1951.

Which is the first Uranium mining company in India?

Uranium Corporation of India (UCIL), a centrally owned Public Sector Undertaking (PSU), under the Department of Atomic Energy for Uranium Mining and Uranium Processing, founded in 1967. It is the first company responsible for the mining and milling of uranium ore in India.

Which is the second-largest steel company in India?

Tata Steel Ltd is the second-largest steel company in India, founded by Sir Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata in the year 1907 in Jamshedpur.

Which is the fourth integrated public sector steel plant in India?

Bokaro Steel Plant (BSP), located in Bokaro is the fourth integrated public sector steel plant in India. It was established as a limited company in 1964 and later merged with the Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL), the largest steel producer in India.

Which is the first planned industrial city in India?

Jamshedpur is the first planned industrial city in India.

Which city of Jharkhand once held the record of being the Largest Industrial Belt In Asia?

Adityapur, the sister city of Jamshedpur, now considered as a part of the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region once held the record of being the Largest Industrial Belt In Asia.

Which city of Jharkhand is the coal capital of India?

The city of Dhanbad in Jharkhand is the coal capital of India.

Where is one of the Shiva Jyotirlinga temples located in Jharkhand?

Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple, also known as Baba Baidyanath Dham, one of the twelve Shiva Jyotirlingas is located in Deoghar.

 Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple
Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple

Which national park in Jharkhand was the first national park in India to become a tiger reserve under Project Tiger?

Betla National Park, established in 1974 is one of the largest Tiger Reserve and was one of the first national parks in India to become a tiger reserve under Project Tiger. 

Betla National Park - Tripinfi
Betla National Park

Which waterfall in Jharkhand is the 21st highest waterfall in India?

Lodh Falls / Budha Ghagh Falls, located in the middle of the forest in the Latehar district of the Chota Nagpur Plateau, is the highest waterfall in Jharkhand and ranks 21st in India.

Lodh Falls - Tripinfi
Lodh Falls

Which waterfall in Jharkhand is the 34th highest waterfall in India?

Hundru Falls, located in the Ranchi district is the 34th highest waterfall in India. 

Hundru Falls - Tripinfi
Hundru Falls

Which ropeway in Jharkhand is the highest vertical ropeway in India?

Trikut Hill Ropeway, also known as Gagan Khatola, located at a distance of 20 km from Baidyanath Temple, is India’s Highest Vertical Ropeway with the maximum lens angle of 44 degrees.

Which is the largest Dam in Jharkhand?

Maithon Dam and Lake, constructed on Barakar River and located in Maithon, is the largest dam in Jharkhand.

Maithon Dam - Tripinfi
Maithon Dam

What is the name of the hill station located in Jharkhand?

Netarhat, a town in the Latehar district also as the ‘Queen of Chotanagpur’, is a popular hill station in the state.

Which is the highest mountain peak in Jharkhand?

Parasnath is the highest mountain peak in the state with a height of 1365 m. The hill also known as Sri Sammed Shikharji is the most auspicious Siddha kshetra Tirtha or site of moksha among the Jains.

Parasnath - Tripinfi
Parasnath

Which town of Jharkhand is mentioned as Kitkat Pradesh in the Rig Veda?

The ‘Kikat’ Pradesh mentioned in the Rig Veda is located in the Parasnath Hills in Giridih district, Jharkhand.

Which river of Jharkhand carries gold along?

Swarnarekha River / Subarnarekha River also knows as the River of Gold is said to carry traces of gold along with as the river originates from near a Gold mine at a village named Piska near Ranchi. 

Rabindranath Tagore used to write sitting on which hill in Jharkhand?

Tagore Hill located at Morabadi in Ranchi is a historical place where Rabindranath Tagore used to write poems inspired by the serenity and the beauty of the surrounding.

What are the main festivals of Jharkhand?

The main festivals of the state are Karam, Jitia, Nawakhani,  Sohrai/Bandna/Diwali, Phagua, Dussehra, Tussu, Vaha, Sarhul and Mage Porob.

What is the staple food of Jharkhand?

The Staple foods are rice, dal,  vegetable, and tubers.

What is the traditional alcohol of Jharkhand?

The traditional alcohol is Rice Beer locally known as Handi or Handia.

From where does the Tropic of Cancer passes through Jharkhand?

The Tropic of Cancer passes through Ukrid village in Ormanjhi located in the district of Ranchi.

What are some of the top institutes of India located in Jharkhand?

Some of the top institutes of India located in Jharkhand are

  • Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIT) – Ranchi,
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM) – Ranchi
  • Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) (IIT-ISM) – Dhanbad
  • National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology (NIFFT) – Ranchi
  • National University of Study and Research in Law – Ranchi
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT) – Jamshedpur
  • St. Xavier’s College – Ranchi
  • Xavier Institute of Social Service (XISS) – Ranchi
  • Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI) – Jamshedpur
  • Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology – Ranchi
  • Birla Institute of Technology (BIT) – Mesra, Ranchi
  • Birla Institute of Technology (BIT) – Sindri, Dhanbad
  • Central Institute of Psychiatry – Ranchi

Also, there are amazing places in Jharkhand like Domuhani, Dimna, Hathi Kheda Temple, etc which are must-visit for any travel lover.

Do share your thoughts about the facts in the comment section.

Monalisa Bose Roy

A travel blogger cum financial expert with a vision to encourage tourism in Eastern India. Bose was born and brought up in the steel city of Jamshedpur, located in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Being born in the Eastern region, Bose has visited a lot of lesser-known places in the region. By her writing, she tries to spread awareness about those undiscovered gems of Eastern India.

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