Is Jamshedpur A Metro City?

Tata Steel Jamshedpur pic courtesy :Wikipedia

Jamshedpur, located in the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, is the first planned industrial city of India. It is also the first city to get a private integrated steel plant in India.

Technically, Jamshedpur along with many other cities fulfills all the criteria to become a metro city. However, it has not been given a status of a metropoltian city yet.

Only the ‘Mega Cities’ of Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Delhi are considered as a metro city for ages. Meanwhile, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, and Pune have been added to the list of Mega Cities.

Jamshedpur is the industrial capital of the state of Jharkhand and also the largest city in the state. Besides, Jamshedpur has ranked as the 84th fastest growing city of the world by the City Mayors Foundation. It was also ranked as the 15th cleanest city of India in the year 2019 and as the 7th cleanest city of India in the year 2010 by Swachh Survekshan, an annual survey on cleanliness, hygiene, and sanitation of cities and towns in India. 

Keep scrolling to know more about the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region.

Table Of Contents

Why Jamshedpur Is Considered As A Metropolitan Region?

The Greater Jamshedpur region is considered as one of the metropolitan regions of India. According to the 74th Amendment to the Indian Constitution, a metropolitan region is,

  • An area having a population of ten lakhs (1 million) or more, and,
  • An area comprising of one or more districts, and,
  • An area having two or more Municipalities or Panchayats or other contiguous areas, specified by the Governor by public notification to be a Metropolitan area.

According to the last census conducted by the Government of India in the year 2011, Jamshedpur was classified under the category of Million-Plus Urban Agglomeration with a population of 1,339,438.

The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region spreads over two districts, East Singhbhum and Seraikela-Kharsawan. Also, the region has four municipal corporations. Therefore, Jamshedpur fulfills all the criteria to be a metropolitan region.

Jamshedpur – The 36th Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India

Jamshedpur was declared as the 36th Million Plus Urban Agglomeration in India by the census of India, 2011, with a population of 1,339,438.

JRD Tata Sports Complex
JRD Tata Sports Complex
Pic Courtesy: Wikipedia

The Structure of The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan

The Greater Jamshedpur consists of 3 cities, 9 census towns, and 1 outgrowth.


  • Jamshedpur
  • Mango
  • Adityapur

Census Town

  • Bagbera
  • Chhota Gobindpur
  • Chota Gamahria
  • Gadhra
  • Ghorabandha
  • Haludbani
  • Jugsalai
  • Purihasa
  • Sarjamda


  • Tata Nagar Railway Colony

The Region Wise Population Of The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan

Here is a list of Cities and Towns that comes under the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region and their population.

City/ Town Type Total Population*
JamshedpurCity 631,364
MangoCity 223,805
AdityapurCity 174,355
Bagbera Census Town 78,356
Chhota Gobindpur Census Town 31,843
Chota Gamahria Census Town 7,505
Gadhra Census Town 18,801
Ghorabandha Census Town 20,718
Haludbani Census Town 25,360
Jugsalai Census Town 49,660
Purihasa Census Town 7,897
Sarjamda Census Town 23,788
Tata Nagar Railway Colony Outgrowth 45,986

*Census of India, 2011, **The total population of the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region exceeds 1 million.

Golmuri Golf Club
Golmuri Golf Club
Pic Courtesy: Wikipedia

What Is Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India?

Million plus Urban Agglomerations are the Urban Agglomerations having a population of more than 1 million ( 10 lakhs ).

Which Cities Come Under The Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India?

A total of 53 cities of India make to the list of Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations. Here is the list of all the cities with the population.

RankUrban AgglomerationsStatePopulation*
3KolkataWest Bengal14,112,536
4ChennaiTamil Nadu8,696,010
11KanpurUttar Pradesh2,920,496
12LucknowUttar Pradesh2,902,920
14GhaziabadUttar Pradesh2,375,820
15IndoreMadhya Pradesh2,170,295
16CoimbatoreTamil Nadu2,136,916
20BhopalMadhya Pradesh1,886,100
23AgraUttar Pradesh1,760,285
24VisakhapatnamAndhra Pradesh1,728,128
30VijayawadaAndhra Pradesh1,491,202
31MaduraiTamil Nadu1,465,625
32VaranasiUttar Pradesh1,435,113
33MeerutUttar Pradesh1,424,908
37SrinagarJammu and Kashmir1,273,312
38JabalpurMadhya Pradesh1,268,848
39AsansolWest Bengal1,243,414
41AllahabadUttar Pradesh1,216,719
49GwaliorMadhya Pradesh1,102,884
52TiruchirappalliTamil Nadu1,022,518

*Census of India, 2011

What Is An Urban Area?

An Urban Area is a human settlement having

  1. Higher Population Density.
  2. Developed Infrastructure such as houses, commercial buildings, railways, roads, airports, and bridges.
  3. Also, the majority of the residents having non-agricultural jobs.

Urban areas consist of cities and the surrounding or adjoining towns and suburbs. Urban areas are generally referred to as ‘Metropolitan areas’ or ‘Greater’.

How The Urban Areas Are Classified In The Census of India?

The Urban Areas are classified according to the census of India into

  1. Urban Agglomerations
  2. Statutory Town
  3. Census Town
  4. Outgrowths

What Is Urban Agglomerations?

According to the Census of India, 2011, the definition of an Urban Agglomeration is a continuous urban spread of

  • A city or a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs).
  • Two or more physically contiguous towns together with or without their outgrowths.
  • A city with one or more physically contiguous towns with or without their outgrowths.
Night view of Tata Steel Ltd from JRD Tata sports complex
Night view of Tata Steel Ltd from JRD Tata sports complex
Pic Courtesy: Wikipedia

What Are The Criteria For An Urban Agglomeration?

The criteria for an Urban Agglomeration are

  1. Must have at least one statutory town.
  2. The population must not be less than 20,000.
  3. Must have a
    • Municipality
    • Corporation
    • Cantonment Board
    • or, Notified Area Committee

Note: The towns or cities and their adjoining towns and outgrowths have to be considered as a single unit while considering the population.

What Is A Statutory Town?

A Statutory town is any town with any one of the below-mentioned government bodies,

  • Municipality
  • Corporation
  • Cantonment Board
  • Notified Area Committee

What Is A Census Town?

A census town is a town that is not statutorily notified or administered as a town but which has reached the attribute of an urban area in terms of population.

The criteria for a census town

  • The population is more than 5,000.
  • At least 75% of the male working population of the area is employed outside the agricultural sector.
  • The minimum population density of the area is 400 persons per sq km.

What Is An Outgrowth (OGs)?

Outgrowth is a settlement in continuous to the main city or town such as a village, a hamlet or an enumeration block made up of such village or hamlets whose boundaries and locations are clearly identifiable.

Few examples of an Outgrowth are

  • Railway Colony
  • University Campus
  • Port Area
  • Military Camps, etc.
Pic Courtesy: Wikipedia
Jubilee Park
Pic Courtesy: Wikipedia

Municipal Corporation In Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region

The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region has four Municipal Corporations

  • Adityapur Municipal Corporation
  • Jugsalai Nagar Palika
  • Mango Notified Area Committee
  • Jamshedpur Notified Area Committee

District Comprising The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region

The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan region comprised of two districts

  • East Singhbhum
  • Seraikela-Kharsawan

Adityapur, which has been added to the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan region comes under the district of Seraikela-Kharsawan, whereas, the rest of the region comes under the district of East Singhbhum.

Suggested Reads:
Why Jamshedpur Is Called Tatanagar?
Does Jamshedpur Have An Airport?
Why Jamshedpur Is Called Pittsburgh of India?
When will Jamshedpur Airport start? 
Jamshedpur is located in which state?
How To Reach Jamshedpur From Delhi? 
PIN Codes of Jamshedpur, East Singbhum

Frequently Asked questions

Jamshedpur is a city or town?

Jamshedpur is a city, located in the East Singbhum district of Jharkhand.

Why Jamshedpur is called a steel city?

Jamshedpur is the first city in India to get a private integrated steel plant, i.e Tata Steel Ltd, therefore, it is called the steel city.

Which city is called the Pittsbugrh of India?

Jamshedpur is called the Pittsburgh of India.

What was the population of Jamshedpur in 2019?

The population of Jamshedpur in 2019 is 1.558 Million (estimated).

What is the population of Mango?

The population of Mango is 223,805 as per the last census conducted in the year 2011.

What is the population of Jamshedpur religion wise?

The population of Jamshedur on the basis of religion as per census of India, 2011.

Hindu: 566,749
Muslims: 47,053
Sikh: 27,899
Others: 18,112
Christian: 15,142
Jain: 1,111
Not Stated: 680
Buddhist: 604

What is the population density of Jamshedpur?

The population density of Jamshedpur is 6400 per sq Km according to Census of India, 2011.

What was the population of Jamshedpur in 2018?

The population of Jamshedpur in 2018 was 1.54 Million (estimated).

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Monalisa Bose Roy

A travel blogger cum financial expert with a vision to encourage tourism in Eastern India. Bose was born and brought up in the steel city of Jamshedpur, located in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Being born in the Eastern region, Bose has visited a lot of lesser-known places in the region. By her writing, she tries to spread awareness about those undiscovered gems of Eastern India.

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