Jamshedpur, located in the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, is the first planned industrial city of India. It is also the first city to get a private integrated steel plant in India.
Technically, Jamshedpur along with many other cities fulfills all the criteria to become a metro city. However, it has not been given a status of a metropoltian city yet.
Only the ‘Mega Cities’ of Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Delhi are considered as a metro city for ages. Meanwhile, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, and Pune have been added to the list of Mega Cities.
Jamshedpur is the industrial capital of the state of Jharkhand and also the largest city in the state. Besides, Jamshedpur has ranked as the 84th fastest growing city of the world by the City Mayors Foundation. It was also ranked as the 15th cleanest city of India in the year 2019 and as the 7th cleanest city of India in the year 2010 by Swachh Survekshan, an annual survey on cleanliness, hygiene, and sanitation of cities and towns in India.
Keep scrolling to know more about the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region.
Table Of Contents
- Why Jamshedpur Is Considered As A Metropolitan Region?
- Jamshedpur – The 36th Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India
- The Structure of The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan
- The Region Wise Population Of The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan
- What Is Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India?
- Which Cities Come Under The Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India?
- What Is An Urban Area?
- How The Urban Areas Are Classified In The Census of India?
- What Is Urban Agglomerations?
- What Are The Criteria For An Urban Agglomeration?
- What Is A Statutory Town?
- What Is A Census Town?
- What Is An Outgrowth (OGs)?
- Municipal Corporation In Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region
- District Comprising The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region
- Frequently Asked questions
Why Jamshedpur Is Considered As A Metropolitan Region?
The Greater Jamshedpur region is considered as one of the metropolitan regions of India. According to the 74th Amendment to the Indian Constitution, a metropolitan region is,
- An area having a population of ten lakhs (1 million) or more, and,
- An area comprising of one or more districts, and,
- An area having two or more Municipalities or Panchayats or other contiguous areas, specified by the Governor by public notification to be a Metropolitan area.
According to the last census conducted by the Government of India in the year 2011, Jamshedpur was classified under the category of Million-Plus Urban Agglomeration with a population of 1,339,438.
The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region spreads over two districts, East Singhbhum and Seraikela-Kharsawan. Also, the region has four municipal corporations. Therefore, Jamshedpur fulfills all the criteria to be a metropolitan region.
Jamshedpur – The 36th Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India
Jamshedpur was declared as the 36th Million Plus Urban Agglomeration in India by the census of India, 2011, with a population of 1,339,438.
The Structure of The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan
The Greater Jamshedpur consists of 3 cities, 9 census towns, and 1 outgrowth.
- Chhota Gobindpur
- Chota Gamahria
- Tata Nagar Railway Colony
The Region Wise Population Of The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan
Here is a list of Cities and Towns that comes under the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region and their population.
|City/ Town||Type||Total Population*|
|Chhota Gobindpur||Census Town||31,843|
|Chota Gamahria||Census Town||7,505|
|Tata Nagar Railway Colony||Outgrowth||45,986|
*Census of India, 2011, **The total population of the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region exceeds 1 million.
What Is Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India?
Million plus Urban Agglomerations are the Urban Agglomerations having a population of more than 1 million ( 10 lakhs ).
Which Cities Come Under The Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations In India?
A total of 53 cities of India make to the list of Million-Plus Urban Agglomerations. Here is the list of all the cities with the population.
|37||Srinagar||Jammu and Kashmir||1,273,312|
*Census of India, 2011
What Is An Urban Area?
An Urban Area is a human settlement having
- Higher Population Density.
- Developed Infrastructure such as houses, commercial buildings, railways, roads, airports, and bridges.
- Also, the majority of the residents having non-agricultural jobs.
Urban areas consist of cities and the surrounding or adjoining towns and suburbs. Urban areas are generally referred to as ‘Metropolitan areas’ or ‘Greater’.
How The Urban Areas Are Classified In The Census of India?
The Urban Areas are classified according to the census of India into
- Urban Agglomerations
- Statutory Town
- Census Town
What Is Urban Agglomerations?
According to the Census of India, 2011, the definition of an Urban Agglomeration is a continuous urban spread of
- A city or a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs).
- Two or more physically contiguous towns together with or without their outgrowths.
- A city with one or more physically contiguous towns with or without their outgrowths.
What Are The Criteria For An Urban Agglomeration?
The criteria for an Urban Agglomeration are
- Must have at least one statutory town.
- The population must not be less than 20,000.
- Must have a
- Cantonment Board
- or, Notified Area Committee
Note: The towns or cities and their adjoining towns and outgrowths have to be considered as a single unit while considering the population.
What Is A Statutory Town?
A Statutory town is any town with any one of the below-mentioned government bodies,
- Cantonment Board
- Notified Area Committee
What Is A Census Town?
A census town is a town that is not statutorily notified or administered as a town but which has reached the attribute of an urban area in terms of population.
The criteria for a census town
- The population is more than 5,000.
- At least 75% of the male working population of the area is employed outside the agricultural sector.
- The minimum population density of the area is 400 persons per sq km.
What Is An Outgrowth (OGs)?
Outgrowth is a settlement in continuous to the main city or town such as a village, a hamlet or an enumeration block made up of such village or hamlets whose boundaries and locations are clearly identifiable.
Few examples of an Outgrowth are
- Railway Colony
- University Campus
- Port Area
- Military Camps, etc.
Municipal Corporation In Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region
The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region has four Municipal Corporations
- Adityapur Municipal Corporation
- Jugsalai Nagar Palika
- Mango Notified Area Committee
- Jamshedpur Notified Area Committee
District Comprising The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region
The Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan region comprised of two districts
- East Singhbhum
Adityapur, which has been added to the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan region comes under the district of Seraikela-Kharsawan, whereas, the rest of the region comes under the district of East Singhbhum.
Frequently Asked questions
Jamshedpur is a city or town?
Jamshedpur is a city, located in the East Singbhum district of Jharkhand.
Why Jamshedpur is called a steel city?
Jamshedpur is the first city in India to get a private integrated steel plant, i.e Tata Steel Ltd, therefore, it is called the steel city.
Which city is called the Pittsbugrh of India?
Jamshedpur is called the Pittsburgh of India.
What was the population of Jamshedpur in 2019?
The population of Jamshedpur in 2019 is 1.558 Million (estimated).
What is the population of Mango?
The population of Mango is 223,805 as per the last census conducted in the year 2011.
What is the population of Jamshedpur religion wise?
The population of Jamshedur on the basis of religion as per census of India, 2011.
Not Stated: 680
What is the population density of Jamshedpur?
The population density of Jamshedpur is 6400 per sq Km according to Census of India, 2011.
What was the population of Jamshedpur in 2018?
The population of Jamshedpur in 2018 was 1.54 Million (estimated).