Jamshedpur is the first planned industrial city of India, named after its founder Sir Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, the man behind the Tata Groups. The city was formerly known as Sakchi and later in the year 1919 was renamed to Jamshedpur by Lord Chelmsford, a British statesman who served as a governor to the queen.
Where is Jamshedpur located in India?
Jamshedpur is located in East Singhbhum (Purbi Singhbhum) district in the state of Jharkhand, India. It is the largest city in the state and is also the headquarter of the district. It is also known as the Industrial capital of Jharkhand.
The steel city is located in the Chota Nagpur Plateau and is bordered by the states of West Bengal and Odisha. It is fenced by the Dalma Hills and the river Subarnarekha and Kharkai. The city falls under Deciduous forest and 33% of the total land is cover under forest.
To know about in which state Jamshedpur was in before Jharkhand was formed, keep reading!
Table Of Contents
- Jamshedpur is in which state?
- Jamshedpur was in which state before Jharkhand was formed?
- Why was Jharkhand separated?
- When was Jharkhand separated?
- Achievements of Jamshedpur
- Frequently Asked Question About Jamshedpur And Jharkhand
- Places to visit in and around Jamshedpur
Jamshedpur Was A Part Of Which State Before Jharkhand Was Formed?
Jharkhand is the 15th largest state in India in terms of area and 14th largest in terms of population. The region existed since the Mesolithic-Chalcolithic period as proven by many ancient cave carvings.
Jharkhand plays a major part in Indian history as it was ruled by many rulers such as the Maurya, Gupta, Pala, Nagvanshi, Khayaravala, Ramgarh Raj, Raksel, Chero, and Kharagdiha Zamindari estates. The region fell captive to the Mughals in the 16th century and finally came under the rule of the East India Company in the 18th century.
After India witnessed Independence in 1947, the region became part of the state of Bihar.
Why was Jharkhand formed?
Jharkhand is the land of tribal people who played a significant role in the Independence of India. The region has given many freedom fighters to the country. But after Independence, they were given a little or no recognization. The tribal people also received no socio-economic benefit. Therefore, they had always demanded a separate land since the inception of Independent India.
When Was Jharkhand Formed?
Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar and was given recognization as a separate state on November 15, 2000, under the Bihar Reorganization Act.
What Are The Achievements Of The Steel City, Jamshedpur?
Jamshedpur is ranked as 15th cleanest city in India 2019 and 7th cleanest city in 2010 by Swachh Survekshan, an annual survey conducted across cities and towns in India on cleanliness, hygiene, and sanitation. The steel city has also been ranked 84th fastest-growing city in the world by City Mayors Foundation and is the 35th largest urban agglomeration.
Frequently Asked Question About Jamshedpur And Jharkhand
Babulal Marandi, the president of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik), then a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was the first Chief Minister of Jharkhand.
Prabhat Kumar was the first governor of Jharkhand.
Draupadi Murmu is the first woman governor of Jharkhand.
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was the first ruling party in Jharkhand.
Jharkhand was separated from Bihar on November 14, 2000.
Jharkhand was separated from Bihar under the Bihar Reorganization Act.
Name of the freedom fighters and revolutionaries from Jharkhand are
Nilambar and Pitambar
Pandey Ganpat Rai
Raja Arjun Singh
Thakur Vishwanath Shahdeo
Tikait Umrao Singh
The name of the railway station of Jamshedpur is Tatanagar.
The station code of Tatanagar is TATA.
Sir Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, the founder of TATA Groups is the founder of Jamshedpur.
Jamshedpur is named after its founder, Sir Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, the founder of TATA Groups.
The name of the airport in Jamshedpur is Sonari Airport.
The capital of Jharkhand is Ranchi.
Hindi is the official language of Jharkhand. Some of the other languages spoken in Jharkhand are English, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Khortha, Nagpuri, Oriya, Urdu, Sadri, and Angika.
The population of Jharkhand is 37,933,898 as of November 2019 as per Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated Dec 2019.
Jharkhand has 24 districts, namely,
Humid Subtropical climate prevails in the northern part of Jharkhand whereas the South East of the state enjoys a tropical wet and dry climate. The main seasons of the state are Summer, Winter, Autumn, Spring, and Rainy.
Summer began from the end of March to May where April and May are the hottest months. The temperature reaches as high as 48-degree centigrade.
The rainy season began in the month of July and prevails till the month of August. The state receives an average annual rainfall of 1000 mm to 1500 mm by the South West Monsoon.
Winter season stretches from the month of November to the month of February with the temperature falling as low as 7-degree centigrade.
Jharkhand means ‘Bushland’ where ‘Jhar’ means ‘Bush’ and ‘Khand’ means ‘Land’.
Dumka is the sub-capital of Jharkhand.
Places to visit in and around Jamshedpur
- Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
- Dimna Lake and Dam
- Jubilee Park
- Tata Zoological Park
- Nicco Jubilee Park
- Surya Mandir
- Sir Dorabji Tata Park
- Chota Banki Dam
- Bhuvaneshwari Temple and Krishna Temple
- Golpahari Mata Temple
- Hathi Kheda Temple
- Burudi Dam and Lake
- Chandil Dam and Lake