Maithon derives its name from the Hindi word ‘Mai ka Sthan’ which means ‘place of the Mother goddess’. It is one of the well-known tourist spots in the state of Jharkhand.
The dam is surrounded by lush green landscapes and blue hills which attracts many people throughout the year. Here we bring you every detail about the largest dam of Jharkhand, Maithon Dam.
- Where is Maithon Dam located?
- What are some facts about Maithon Dam?
- Tourism at Maithon Dam
- Weather at Maithon Dam
- Best time to visit Maithon Dam
- What is the ticket price at Maithon Dam?
- What is the timing of the Maithon Dam?
- Which is the nearest city from Maithon Dam?
- Which is the nearest railway station from the Maithon Dam?
- Which is the nearest airport from Maithon Dam?
- How to reach Maithon Dam from Kolkata?
- Is Maithon Dam safe for tourists?
- Where to stay while visiting Maithon Dam?
- Places to visit near Maithon Dam
Maithon Dam is located in Maithon, a census town in the Dhanbad district of Jharkhand, 42 KM from Dhanbad, the coal capital of India. It is the second most populous district of Jharkhand.
The dam lies in the border of Jharkhand and West Bengal with a bank in both the states.
Maithon was constructed by the Damodar Valley Corporation across river Barakar, a tributary of river Damodar in the year 1957 as a flood control measure.
Earlier river Damodar was known as the Sorrow of Bengal because of causing extensive floods in the plains of West Bengal. The valley of Damodar which covers an area of 25,235 sq km, housing the states of Jharkhand (then Bihar) and West Bengal witnessed many vital floods which lead to huge losses.
Therefore, the government of West Bengal created the “Damodar Flood Enquiry Committee” to control the occurrence of the flood. Later, the committee drafted the plan of constructing four multipurpose dams across Damodar and its tributaries.
- Tilaiya Dam on Barakar river
- Konar Dam on Konar river
- Maithon Dam on Barakar river
- Panchet Dam on Damodar river
Damodar Valley Corporation is a government-owned organization which operates both hydel and thermal power stations, under the Ministry of Power of Government of India.
Maithon having a height of 165 ft and a length of 15,712 ft is famous for many reasons,
- It is the first underground power station in South East Asia.
- It is also the third dam constructed during the first phase of Damodar Valley Corporation.
- It is the largest Dam in Jharkhand.
- It is the biggest dam of Damodar Valley Corporation.
Maithon Dam is a tourist hotspot and is visited by thousands of people each year from Jharkhand as well as from the neighboring states of Bihar and West Bengal.
The place has boating facilities where the tourists can enjoy riding paddle as well as speed boats. One can ride across the dam and witness the breezy breathtaking view of nature.
The place has a boating dock on each of its banks maintained by Jharkhand Tourism and West Bengal Tourism. Here is the rental chart by Jharkhand Tourism.
6 seaters boats – INR 300
Speed boats – INR 500
*The charges are subject to change
Maithon is one of the best bird-watching sites in Jharkhand. Migratory birds visit the lake from Siberia, Mongolia, and other transcontinental countries, besides the Himalayas, each year during the winters. It is home to 35 species of water birds and witnesses almost 55 migratory species every winter.
Maithon is one of the best places to plan a picnic with your family or your buddies. A picnic by the riverside or in the forest is something very rare for the city dwellers. And the exciting part is one can also cook food in the woods here.
Kalyaneshwari temple is located on the bank of the Maithon dam that lies in the Paschim Bardhaman district of West Bengal. It is 500 years old temple of Lord Shakti and is believed to have witnessed human sacrifices.
Maithon Dam and the surrounding areas have a tropical climate. Summers range from the month of March to June with the temperature ranging between 35 to 47-degree centigrade. April and May being the hottest months of the year.
The rainy season begins in the month of July and continues till the month of September. The winter season ranges between November to February with the temperature dropping as low as 10 to 15 degrees centigrades. December and January are the coldest months of the year
The monsoon months of July and August is that time of the year when the dam is at its best as the water level is high. It is the best time for a road trip. And for those who want to enjoy a picnic, the best time to visit the dam is during the winter months of December to February.
Entry to Maithon Dam is free.
Maithon Dam is open 24 hours but it is best to visit it during day time. Avoid going to the dam after sunset as it is located in an isolated place.
The nearest city from Maithon Dam is Chirkunda, in Dhanbad district located at a distance of 20.2 Km.
Nearest Railway Station
The nearest railway station from Maithon Dam is Kumardubi Railway Station (Station Code: KMME) located at a distance of 21 KM and the nearest Junction is Dhanbad Junction (Station Code: DHN), located at a distance of 42 KM.
The nearest airport from Maithon Dam is Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi located at a distance of 195 KM.
How To Reach From Kolkata?
Take a train from Howrah Junction to Kumardubi. The journey takes 3 to 4 hours and after reaching Kumardubi, book a cab to Maithon Dam. The distance from Kumardubi railway station to Maithon Dam is
- 18.0 km via NH19.
- 21.3 km via GT Road.
- 17.5 km via ESI Colony Rd.
The distance between Kolkata and Maithon Dam is 252.6 km via NH19 which takes approx 5 hours 30 min.
Take a flight from Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata to Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi. It takes approx one to one and a half hours to reach Ranchi by air. After reaching take a cab from Ranchi to Maithon Dam.
The distance of Maithon Dam from Ranchi is
- 193.2 km via NH320 – approx 5 hours 30 min.
- 218.6 km via NH320 and Chandankiyari – Dubra – Raghunathpur Rd – approx 6 hours and 20 min.
- 204.2 km via Ranchi – Purulia Rd – approx 6 hours.
Distance of the Panchet Dam from Maithon Dam
The distance between Panchet Dam from Maithon Dam is 28.0 km via GT Rd.
Is Maithon Dam safe for tourists?
Yes, Maithon dam is a safe place to visit for the tourist though following certain tips will surely ensure a safe visit.
Tips for visiting Maithon Dam
- As the dam is located at a distance from the city, it becomes isolated after the dusk, therefore, avoid visiting the dam after sunset.
- Avoid visiting the dam alone, always be in a group.
- The safest time to visit is between 6 am to 4 pm.
- It is much safer to visit the dam during the peak season, i.e December to February.
- Carry water bottles, medicines, snacks, and other refreshments along.
Where to stay
While visiting Maithon Dam, staying in Chirkunda will be a good choice. The city has many budget lodges and hotels. For a luxurious stay, will recommend the city of Dhanbad.
Other Places to visit near Maithon Dam
- Kalyaneshwari Temple
- Panchet Dam
- Deer Park
- Chammach Pahar (Spoon Island)
- Phoolbagan & Millennium Park
- Kaali Pahari
- Pahari Baba Mandir
Cover Picture Courtesy: Instagram Handle:rohit_rk29