Saranda forest located in the West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand is the largest Sal (Shorea Robusta) forest in Asia. The forest also spreads a little in the Kedunjhar district of Odisha as well.
The area also has a historical significance as it was a favorite hunting destination of Singh Deo family, the erstwhile royal family of Saraikela.
It covers an area of 820 sq km and is home to a variety of flora and fauna. Some of the animals found are Wild Elephants, Bisons, Sambar, and Chittal. Tigers and Leopards are also spotted sometimes.
Besides Sal, some other trees that are found in abundance are Mango, Java Plum (Jamun), Jackfruit, Piar, Mahua, Kusum, Tilai, Harin Hara (Armossa Rohitulea), Gular (Ficus Glomerata), and Asan.
Mainly two rivers Karo and Koina flow through the forest which adds more to the beauty. The forest is rich in iron ore and more than 1100 hectares of virgin forests are under iron-ore mining leases.