Jamshedpur, located in East Singhbhum district in the state of Jharkhand, is one of the first industrial planned cities in India. It is the largest city in Jharkhand and is also regarded as the industrial capital of the state.
Are Jamshedpur and Tatanagar the same?
Tatanagar Junction is the name of the railway station that serves the steel city, Jamshedpur. It is also named after Sir Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, the founder of the city. Jamshedpur is, therefore, often called Tatanagar or simply Tata.
In order to know about Tatanagar, keep reading!
Why Jamshedpur is famous?
The city, Jamshedpur houses India’s first private sector steel-producing company, Tata Steel Ltd, formally known as Tata Iron and Steel Company Ltd. Some of the other major manufacturing companies of India that are present in the city are Tata Motors Ltd, Tata Power Ltd, The Tinplate Company of India Ltd, TRF Ltd, Tata Ryerson Ltd, Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery Company Limited, Nuvoco Vistas Corp. Ltd.(Formerly Lafarge India), Linde India Ltd. Apart from the large scale industries, the steel city accommodates many medium and small scale industries.
How Jamshedpur got its name?
Before the industrial revolution in Jamshedpur, it was a small village surrounded by forests and was called Sakchi. The village had large deposits of Iron Ore, Coal, Manganese, Bauxite, and Limestone which were mostly untouched by the villagers.
Jamsetji Tata’s Entry in the Industrial World
Meanwhile, Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, a young man born in a Parsee family, entered the Industrial world. J N Tata joined his father’s export trading firm and successfully expanded the business in Japan, China, Europe, and the United States. He founded a trading company in the year 1868, which is now part of the Tata groups. In 1872, J N Tata entered the Cotton manufacturing industry and established various mills and industries in different parts of India.
How Jamsetji Tata got the idea of establishing a Steel Plant?
While on a business trip to Manchester in the 19th century, he attended a lecture by Thomas Carlyle, a great British historian, satirical writer, philosopher, mathematician, and teacher. Thomas Carlyle quoted during the lecture,” the nation which gains control of iron soon acquires the control of gold”, which inspired Jamsetji to build a steel plant in India.
Jamsetji was eager to know the latest technologies used in the steel-making industry then, so he went to Pittsburgh in the 19th century and brought the advanced technologies back home to India with him.
How J N Tata founded Jamshedpur?
Soon, he sought the help of geologist, Charles Page Perin, to find him an ideal site that is rich in iron, coal, limestone, and water. In 1904 Charles Perin began the search in Madhya Pradesh but was unable to find a proper site. Later, the Maharaja of Mayurbhanj appointed Pramatha Nath Bose, a renowned geologist of his court to help J N Tata. Bose, found out the small village Sakchi and suggested J N Tata, to build the plant there.
Why J N Tata chose Jamshedpur to establish the steel plant?
As stated above Sakchi was stuffed with large deposits of Iron Ore, Coal, Manganese, Bauxite, and Limestone and also had plenty of water due to the presence of two rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkai.
J N Tata approved the site and started the planning of the plant as well as the city but unfortunately, he passed away in the year 1904 before the construction began. He had a clear vision which was gratified by his son Dorabji Tata and cousin R D Tata.
When was the construction of Tata Steel Ltd started? When did Tata Steel produce its first steel ingot?
The construction of Tata Iron and Steel Company (now Tata Steel Ltd) and the city officially commenced in the year 1908. India witnessed a new phase of the Industrial Revolution when the first steel ingot was produced on February 16, 1912.
When and Who re-named Jamshedpur and Tatanagar?
Later, in the year 1919, Lord Chelmsford, a British statesman who served as a governor to the queen renamed the city from Sakchi to Jamshedpur and the railway station from Kalimati to Tatanagar after its founder, Sir Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata.
Frequently Asked Questions About Tatanagar Junction
What was the name of the Tatanagar Junction before it was renamed?
The railway station was named as Kalimati before it was renamed to Tatanagar Junction.
When was the Tatanagar Junction established?
Tatanagar Junction was established in the year 1910 as Kalimati railway station.
What is the station code of the Tatanagar Junction?
The station code of Tatanagar Junction is TATA.
Tatanagar Junction comes under which railway zone?
Tatanagar Junction comes under the South Eastern Railway zone.
Tatanagar Junction comes under which railway division?
Tatanagar Junction comes under the Chakradharpur railway division.
Tatanagar Junction is located on which railway route or line?
Tatanagar Junction is located on the Tatanagar-Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line.
When was Tatanagar Junction electrified?
Tatanagar Junction was electrified in the year 1957.
Tatanagar Junction has how many platforms?
Tatanagar Junction has 6 platforms.
Tatanagar Junction has how many rail lines?
Tatanagar Junction has 8 lines.
Does Tatanagar Junction have an escalator?
Yes, Tatanagar Junction has an escalator.
Does Tatanagar Junction have a lift/elevator facility?
Yes, Tatanagar Junction does have a lift/elevator facility.
Does Tatanagar Junction have a wheelchair facility?
Yes, Tatanagar Junction has a wheelchair facility.
Does Tatanagar Junction have a buggy service (battery-operated car)?
Yes, Tatanagar Junction has a buggy service.
Can I find an Ola or Uber outside Tatanagar Junction?
Yes, you can find an Ola or Uber outside Tatanagar Junction.
Can I find autos outside Tatanagar Junction?
Yes, you can find autos outside Tatanagar Junction.
Can I find Porter in Tatanagar Junction?
Yes, you can find porter in Tatanagar Junction.
Does Tatanagar Junction have a parking facility?
Yes, Tatanagar Junction has a parking facility.
Does Tatanagar Junction have a cloak-room?
Yes, Tatanagar Junction has a cloak-room.
Does Tatanagar Junction have a restaurant?
Yes, Tatanagar Junction has a restaurant.
Places to visit nearby Tatanagar Junction
- Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
- Dimna Lake and Dam
- Jubilee Park
- Tata Zoological Park
- Nicco Jubilee Park
- Surya Mandir
- Sir Dorabji Tata Park
- Chota Banki Dam
- Bhuvaneshwari Temple and Krishna Temple
- Golpahari Mata Temple
- Hathi Kheda Temple
- Burudi Dam and Lake
- Chandil Dam and Lake
Table Of Contents
- Is Jamshedpur and Tatanagar the same?
- Jamshedpur is famous for?
- How Sakchi got its name Jamshedpur?
- Jamsetji Tata’s Entry in the Industrial World
- How Jamsetji Tata got the idea of establishing a Steel Plant?
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Places to visit near Tatanagar Junction