Why Jamshedpur Is Called Pittsburgh of India?

Tata Steel

Jamshedpur located in the state of Jharkhand is the first steel city of India founded by Sir Jamsetji N Tata. The Tata Steel Plant in Jamshedpur is India’s first integrated private steel plant established in the year 1907.

Jamshedpur, the 84th fastest growing city in the world as ranked by the City Mayors Foundation is often referred to as the ‘Pittsburgh of India’ due to its similarities with the steel-making capital of the world, Pittsburgh, which are:

1. Mineral and Water Resources found in both the cities.
2. Sir Jamsetji N Tata’s visit to Pittsburgh to learn their advanced steelmaking technologies.
3. Jamsetji Tata hired an engineer from Pittsburgh to design the city of Jamshedpur.

Keep reading the article to know why Jamshedpur is called the Pittsburgh of India.

Table Of Contents

Pittsburgh, The World’s Steel Making Capital

Pittsburgh, the 66th largest city in the United States, is located in the state of Pennsylvania. It is referred to as the ‘Steel City’ or the ‘Steel Capital of the world’ because of more than 300 steel-related business, the city is associated with. Pittsburgh is also called as the ‘City of Bridges’ for having 446 bridges throughout the city.

Why Did Pittsburgh Became A Steel Town?

Pittsburgh named after British statesman William Pitt. was founded in the 1700s. The city came into limelight after the American revolution. It had abundant deposits of all the mineral resources required for making iron such as iron ore, coal, Manganese, Mica, etc. Three rivers, namely, Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio flows through the city which made it water sufficient, another important factor for manufacturing iron and steel.

Therefore, the city rapidly attracted the iron and steel industry and became the first steel city in the United States.

A Steel Plant in Pittsburgh
A Steel Plant in Pittsburgh
Pic Credit: Flickr

How Pittsburgh Became A Steel Town?

The industrial revolution started in Pittsburgh in the year 1815. By then, Pittsburgh was not only producing large quantities of iron but also brass, tin, and glass products. By the year 1840, it had become one of the largest cities in the United States.

In the year 1875, Pittsburgh produced its first steel ingot and by 1911, it was producing half of the nation’s steel. By the year 1960, Pittsburgh had become the Steel-making capital of the world.

How Jamsetji Tata Got An Idea To Establish The Steel Industry In India?

Sir Jamsetji N Tata entered the industrial world in the 1860s and joined his father’s export trading firm. Meanwhile, the world was going through a major industrial revolution and the Steel Industry was the big thing.

Sir Jamsetji N Tata went on a business trip to Manchester in the 19th century and attended a lecture by Thomas Carlyle, a great British historian, satirical writer, philosopher, mathematician, and teacher. Thomas Carlyle quoted during the lecture,” the nation which gains control of iron soon acquires the control of gold”, which inspired Jamsetji to build a steel plant in India.

Tata Steel Plant, Jamshedpur
Tata Steel Plant, Jamshedpur
Pic Credit: Steel Guru

When And Why Sir Jamsetji N Tata Went To Pittsburgh?

Jamsetji was eager to know the latest technologies used in the steel-making industry then, so he went to Pittsburgh in the 19th century and brought the advanced technologies back home to India with him.

Soon, he sought the help of geologist, Charles Page Perin, to find him an ideal site that is rich in iron, coal, limestone, and water. In 1904 Charles Perin began the search in Madhya Pradesh but was unable to find a proper site.

Later, the Maharaja of Mayurbhanj appointed Pramatha Nath Bose, a renowned geologist of his court to help J N Tata. Bose, after a lot of research, found the small village Sakchi (now known as Jamshedpur) and suggested Sir J N Tata, to build the plant there.

Why Jamsetji N Tata Chose Jamshedpur To Establish The Steel Industry?

Sakchi was stuffed with large deposits of Iron Ore, Coal, Manganese, Mica, Bauxite, and Limestone and also had plenty of water due to the presence of two rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkai which made it an ideal place for establishing an Iron and Steel Industry.

J N Tata approved the site and started the planning of the plant as well as the city but unfortunately, he passed away in the year 1904 before the construction began. He had a clear vision which was gratified by his son Dorabji Tata and cousin R D Tata.

Tata Steel Plant, Jamshedpur
Tata Steel Plant, Jamshedpur

When was the construction of Tata Steel Ltd started? When did Tata Steel produce its first steel ingot?

The construction of Tata Iron and Steel Company (now Tata Steel Ltd) and the city officially commenced in the year 1908. India witnessed a new phase of the Industrial Revolution when the first steel ingot was produced on February 16, 1912.

Jamshedpur Was Designed by An Engineer From Pittsburgh

Another reason why Jamshedpur is called Pittsburgh of India because the city was designed by Julian Kennedy, an engineer from Pittsburgh. Kennedy accompanied Sir Jamsetji N Tata on his way back to India and drafted the design of the city.

Suggested Read
Why Jamshedpur Is Called Tatanagar?
Jamshedpur is located in which state?

Similarities Between Pittsburgh and Jamshedpur

BasisPittsburghJamshedpur
Minerals FoundIron Ore, Coal, Manganese, Quartz, Feldspar, Mica, calcite, Dolomite and Pyroxene Iron Ore, Coal, Copper Ore, Mica, Bauxite, Fire clay, Graphite, Kyanite, Sillimanite, Limestone, Uranium
Rivers: Water Source Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio Subarnarekha and Kharkai
First Steel CityFirst Steel City in the United States and Steel Making Capital of the WorldFirst Steel City in India
Founded in Year1700s1900s
Named After British Statesman, William Pitt  Indian pioneer industrialist,
Sir Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata
Named By General John Forbes British Statesman,  
Lord Chelmsford
Named in17581919
First Steel Ingot1875 February 16, 1912

Frequently Asked Questions

Which city is called the Pittsburgh of India?

The steel city of Jamshedpur is called the Pittsburgh of India.

Jamshedpur is located in which state?

Jamshedpur is located in the state of Jharkhand.

Are Jamshedpur and Tatanagar the Same?

Yes, Tatanagar Junction is the name of the railway station that serves the steel city, Jamshedpur.

Who named Jamshedpur?

Jamshedpur was named by Lord Chelmsford, a British statesman who served as a governor to the queen, in the year 1919.

What is the old name of Jamshedpur?

The old name of Jamshedpur is Sakchi.

Which is the Iron city of India?

Jamshedpur is known as the Iron city of India.

Monalisa Bose Roy

A travel blogger cum financial expert with a vision to encourage tourism in Eastern India. Bose was born and brought up in the steel city of Jamshedpur, located in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Being born in the Eastern region, Bose has visited a lot of lesser-known places in the region. By her writing, she tries to spread awareness about those undiscovered gems of Eastern India.

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